Prepregnancy advice

For both male and female partners:

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle with balanced diet and regular exercise. Aim to keep your body mass index at 23 kg/m2 or below (body weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in metres).
  • Avoid smoking and drinking.
  • Have a prepregnancy check-up including blood test to rule out thalassemia and confirm rubella immune status. Couples may consider a sperm test.
  • Optimize any underlying medical problems before pregnancy.

For the female partner:

  • Folic acid supplement (400 micrograms daily) 3 months before conception
  • Blood test to confirm rubella immune status
  • Rubella vaccination if not immune

For male partner:

  • Avoid tight-fitting pants and prolonged exposure to high temperatures, e.g. hot tubs or jacuzzis.
  • Consider having a semen test.

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